When it comes to obesity, you might often relate it to illnesses such as heart disease and diabetes. But did you know it has a hidden consequence that rarely gets talked about? Obesity can silently disturb the delicate mechanisms responsible for conceiving and maintaining a healthy pregnancy. In fact, it not only affects women but men also suffer through adverse fertility problems due to weight issues.
Before we explore and dive more deeply into obesity’s ill effects on human fertilization, let’s briefly look at the common reasons for this problem. We’ll also discover some of the best fertility centres in Chandigarh and Mohali, to help you experience the bliss of starting a family!
Obesity in the Modern Life – Conveniences vs. Health
So, ever wondered why obesity has become so common? Our sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy eating choices, along with technological conveniences, have created an inactive way of living. At home or the workplace, we’re spending more time sitting and less time moving around. With all the stress and pressure in today’s world, it’s hard to maintain a healthy sleep cycle. Moreover, processed foods and sugary drinks have become a way of life that has seriously impacted the overall functioning of our bodies, including the reproductive system. If you also doubt that your (or your partner’s) weight is causing infertility/pregnancy problems, you can get further consultation on this. The medical professionals at one of the best fertility centres in Mohali & Chandigarh – Dr. Sodhi’s Health Care Multispecialty Hospital & IVF Centre, can readily assist you.
What is The Relationship Between Weight and Fertility?
For both men and women, a healthy BMI range is between 18.5 and 24.9. If your BMI is between 25 and 29, you’re considered overweight, and a BMI over 30 means you’re classified as obese. In such a condition, men may experience several health issues related to sexuality. Excess body fat can lead to reduced blood flow and damage to blood vessels, making it harder to achieve and maintain an erection. In this way, they may experience problems like erectile dysfunction or poor sperm count/quality.
Meanwhile in women, being obese can mess with hormone production, leading to irregular ovulation and decreased fertility. Even though women with obesity may still ovulate, the quality of their eggs may be lower. Research suggests that for women who ovulate, every unit increase in BMI above 29 decreases the chances of getting pregnant within a year by around 4%.
How Does Obesity Affect Male Fertility?
It’s not surprising to see both genders ask, “Does weight gain affect male fertility?”. Yes. Obesity can significantly impact male fertility due to hormonal imbalances. When there is excess body fat, testosterone (male hormone) can convert into estrogen (female hormone), resulting in lower and higher testosterone levels. This disruption in hormones negatively affects sperm production and function. Obese men often have lower sperm quality, including reduced count and abnormal shape. These issues make it harder for sperm to reach and fertilize an egg.
A study by the Harvard School of Public Health discovered that obese men were 42% more likely to have a low sperm count and 81% more likely to produce no sperm compared to men with a healthy weight. Additionally, obesity increases oxidative stress and inflammation in the body, further harming reproductive ability. Unhealthy habits like poor diet and lack of exercise, common in obese individuals, also contribute to male infertility.
How Does Obesity Affect Female Fertility?
Now, the answer to, “Does obesity affect female fertility?” is also a yes. But how does obesity actually affect getting pregnant? Well, here are some possible reasons. The excess body fat in females can severely affect the natural hormonal balance needed for regular ovulation and menstrual cycles. This can result in irregular or missed periods, making it harder for women to get pregnant. Obesity is also linked to a condition called PCOS, which causes hormonal imbalances, enlarged ovaries with cysts, and infertility.
In addition, obese women may face difficulties with fertility treatments and ovulation induction due to lower success rates. Moreover, obesity-related insulin resistance and inflammation can harm the quality of eggs and their ability to implant, making conception more challenging.
How Is Obesity A Risk Factor In Pregnancy Stages?
Obese women have a higher chance of developing gestational diabetes, a condition that can lead to complications during pregnancy and delivery. Preeclampsia, another serious condition characterized by high blood pressure and organ damage, is also more common in obese women and can pose risks for both the mother and the baby. Cesarean birth rates are also higher among obese women.
Additionally, obese women may encounter difficulties with reproductive technologies like IVF due to lower success rates and increased pregnancy complications. Furthermore, obesity is linked to a higher risk of birth defects and miscarriages.
Getting Treatment at The Best Hospital for Infertility in Mohali & Chandigarh
Facing challenges in conceiving a baby is a distressing experience that many people experience. But you can find a ray of hope and feel the joy of parenthood with proven medical treatments. Whether you’re struggling with infertility or seeking alternative options, the best fertility centre in Mohali & Chandigarh – Dr. Sodhi’s Health Care Multispecialty Hospital & IVF Centre, will look out for you.
With the expertise of 15+ years, we’ve helped numerous couples, in and around the Tricity, in overcoming fertility complications. We also have a team of experienced pediatricians for the obstetrics facility, they are available in the OPD for regular baby follow-up and vaccinations and are also on-call 24×7 for emergencies. A dedicated pediatrician is present for every delivery, ensuring comprehensive care for both mother and baby.
With hi-tech equipment and techniques, we offer a wide range of treatment options and facilities, such as:
- In vitro fertilization (IVF) & IUI (Intrauterine Insemination)
- Egg & Sperm Donation
- 24-HOUR Pediatric Emergency
- Level II NICU
- Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT)
- Blastocyst Transfer
- Embryo Hatching
- Surrogacy & more.