Ovarian Cyst: Types, Causes, and Symptoms 

ovarian cyst

The ovarian cyst is a common health condition in which one often experiences little to no discomfort at all. Thankfully these cysts are not harmful. Moreover, within a few months, most cysts disappear without therapy. 

Yet, taking this condition lightly is not recommended. Consulting the best gynecologist in Chandigarh and undergoing regular pelvic examinations can help safeguard your health. Keep reading; as we shed light on ovarian cysts’ types, causes, and symptoms in this post. 

What is Ovarian Cyst?

Ovarian cysts are small blisters filled with fluid. They usually develop in one of the two ovaries. Most ovarian cysts happen due to hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle. They settle down naturally over time. However, you should still consult the best gynecologist in Mohali to monitor their size and growth. 

Types of Ovarian Cysts?

There are different types of cysts in ovaries. Let us have a look at them:

Functional Cysts

They are the most common ovarian cysts that are usually not harmful. Also known as simple cysts, functional cysts develop during the ovulation cycle. They usually shrink within 60 days without any treatment. However, you should seek your doctor’s opinion in this regard. Functional cysts are of two types –  Follicular cysts and Corpus Luteum cysts.

  1. Follicular Cysts – An egg sometimes breaks off from its follicle midway through the menstrual cycle. After that, the egg descends into a fallopian tube. When the follicle doesn’t break, a follicular cyst forms. It keeps its egg inside and grows instead of releasing it. 
  2. Corpus Luteum Cysts – When a follicle contracts after releasing its egg and starts to make estrogen and progesterone. These hormones help in the conception process. At times, the egg’s original entrance can occasionally become blocked. It leads to fluid collection in the corpus luteum. Over time, it turns into a corpus luteum cyst. 

Other Cysts

Not every ovarian cyst is formed in response to the menstrual cycle. Although these cysts aren’t always harmful, you should get them checked with the top gynecologist in Mohali. Here are their types:

  • Cystadenomas – These cysts develop on the surface of the ovary. Moreover, they are filled with mucus-like, thick fluid. 
  • Teratomas (Dermoid Cysts) – Teratomas cysts are formed of cells that make different types of tissues in our body. For instance, cells of teeth, skin, hair, and brain. 
  • Endometriomas – This type of cyst is made with endometrial tissues. It is the same tissue that women bleed during periods. 
  • Ovarian Cancer Cysts – These cysts or tumors comprise solid masses of cancerous cells. Doctors usually recommend ovarian cyst surgery in this case. 

Causes of Ovarian Cysts

What causes an ovarian cyst? According to the top gynecologist in Chandigarh, here are the top causes of ovarian cyst:

  • Abnormal Cell Reproduction – Unusual cell reproduction is one of the major causes of ovarian cysts. It leads to the formation of Cystadenomas and dermoid cysts. 
  • Endometriosis – It is a condition where the endometrium, the tissue that lines the womb, develops in other organs. For instance, in the fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, intestine, vagina, or rectum. It leads to the development of blood-filled cysts in ovaries. This condition is also known as PCOS – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • PID – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is a pelvic infection that spreads to the ovaries, leading to cyst formations. 

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts

Although most cases are asymptomatic, large or severe ovarian cysts show the following symptoms:

  • Pelvic Pain – What is the ovarian cyst pain location? The pain will start below the belly button extending to either side of the body. You may experience occasional pelvic pain spells. They will go on their own without any medication. The intensity can be in the range of mild to excruciating.
  • Heaviness – A constant feeling of heaviness or pressure in the abdomen or belly can also indicate the presence of ovarian cysts. 
  • Bloating – Sometimes, ovarian cysts make your lower belly feel bloated or puffy. It usually happens on the side where the cyst is located. Moreover, you can also feel puffiness in this area. 

When Should you See a Doctor?

Consult the best doctor in Mohali on experiencing these symptoms. Moreover, if you reside in Chandigarh, here are the tips to find the best gynecologist in Chandigarh.

  • Severe, sudden, and continuous pelvic or abdominal pain.
  • High fever coupled with vomiting or nausea
  • Signs of shock. For instance, rapid breathing, clammy skin, chills, weakness, or light-headedness. 

Who is at Risk?

Ideally, any woman with ovaries is vulnerable to developing cysts in ovaries. However, the likelihood increases with these factors:

  • Age – Women in their reproductive age and yet to attain menopause are at a higher risk of developing ovarian cysts. 
  • Family History – You are also at a higher risk of having cysts in ovaries if you have a family history of it. 
  • Previous Case – Ovarian cysts tend to recur over time. So, if you had it in the past, the chances of its relapse are higher. 
  • Pregnancy Status – Many women also develop ovarian cysts during pregnancy. Moreover, if you are planning a pregnancy in your late 30s, consult your doctor to know how to prevent the formation of ovarian cysts. 
  • Current Health Conditions – Women with hormone problems, endometriosis, etc., are at a higher risk of getting cysts in ovaries.

What size of Ovarian Cyst is Dangerous?

According to the top doctors in Mohali, ovarian cysts that size 5 cm to 10 cm usually need medical attention. The situation should be carefully monitored in women of reproductive age because these cysts can mutate into corpus luteum cysts and polycystic ovaries. However, the cysts’ size cannot predict whether it is benign or cancerous. 

Summing Up!

The ovarian cyst is a very common health condition that is usually not harmful. Although there are no tried and tested ways to prevent the occurrence of ovarian cysts, regular pelvic screenings help diagnose abnormalities faster. 

You should keep a check on your menstrual cycle. Besides, any abnormal or uncalled-for symptoms should be discussed with the doctor immediately. Consulting the best gynecologist in Mohali to learn about the right ovarian cyst treatment for you. 

Leave a Reply